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Table 2 Outcomes for supervised- and self-management cohort

From: What is the effect of supervised rehabilitation regime vs. self-management instruction following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty? – a pilot study in two cohorts

  All patients  
Variable Supervised cohort Self-management cohort p
ROM at discharge
 Extension, mean (95% CI) 5.4 (3.9–6.9) 7.1 (5.4–8.8) 0.14
 Flexion, mean (95% CI) 97.6 (91.5–103.7) 85.9 (79.4–92.4) 0.009
 Total range, mean (95% CI) 103.0 (97.8–108.3) 93.0 (86.7–99.3) 0.015
ROM 3-month F/U
 Extension, median (range) 0 (0–10) 0 (0–0)  
 Flexion, mean (95% CI) 120.9 (113.9–127.9) 120.5 (116.1–124.8) 0.92
 Total range, mean (95% CI) 121.5 (114.8–128.3) 120.5 (116.1–124.8) 0.78
Oxford Knee Score
 3-month F/U, mean (95% CI) 28.9 (25.0–32.8) 33.0 (30.4–35.5) 0.07
 12-month F/U, median (range) 39.5 (19–48) 41.0 (16–47) 0.47
Forgotten Joint Score
 3-month F/U, mean (95% CI) 39.2 (31.5–47.0) 42.9 (33.2–52.5) 0.54
 12-month F/U, mean (95% CI) 62.8 (52.0–73.6) 61.1 (49.3–73.0) 0.83
Knee circumference
 Before inpatient training, mean (95% CI) 47.3 (45.7–49.0) 46.4 (44.3–48.4) 0.47
 After inpatient training, mean (95% CI) 47.3 (45.6–49.0) 46.7 (44.6–48.7) 0.62
VAS pain score 3-week F/U* (scale 0–100)
 Activity, mean (95% CI) 34.1 (23.8–44.5) 32.9 (25.5–40.4) 0.84
 Rest, median (range) 17 (0–86) 12 (0–72) 0.73
Length of Stay
median (range) 1 (0–4) 1 (0–2) 0.67
Readmissions
 < 30 days, n (%) 1 (4.3) 0 (0.0) 1
  1. For normally distributed data, in accordance with Shapiro Wilk-test, kurtosis and skewness, mean values are presented, and p-value calculated using the unpaired T-test, otherwise Man Whitney U test was applied. Significant p values are underlined
  2. ROM Range of Motion, Post-op Postoperative, F/U Follow-up, Active during physical activity, Passive during no physical activity or stress, CI Confidence interval
  3. * n = 5 patients with missing data