Skip to main content


Figure 5 | Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics

Figure 5

From: Immune modulation as a therapeutic strategy in bone regeneration

Figure 5

Derivation of subsets of human macrophages from monocytes. Monocyte-derived macrophages were exposed to M1- or M2-polarizing stimuli for 3 days followed by polarizing stimuli of the other phenotype for an additional 3 days (M1- > M2 and M2- > M1). Unstimulated macrophages (M0) or macrophages cultured under M1- or M2-polarizing stimuli for 6 days (M1 and M2), with a media change at day 3, served as controls. Reproduced with permission from [8].

Back to article page