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Table 2 Within-group changes in peak angles of knee abduction, knee flexion, hip flexion, lateral trunk lean, sum of knee valgus and lateral trunk lean during SLDL, SLVDJ tasks

From: The influence of kinesio taping on trunk and lower extremity motions during different landing tasks: implications for anterior cruciate ligament injury

Landing Characteristic (°) Task Landing Leg Without KT (Baseline)α With KTα P value Effect size and 95% Confidence Interval (Lower limit -Upper limit) Change Relative to Baseline (%)
Knee abduction SLDL Dominant 169.0 ± 6.3 172.0 ± 4.6 0.022* 0.65 (0.24 to 1.05) ↑ 1.8
Non-dominant 168.3 ± 4.8 171.7 ± 5.6 0.014* 0.61 (0.21 to 1.00) ↑ 2.0
SLVDJ Dominant 169.0 ± 5.7 166.4 ± 6.3 0.083 -0.42 (-0.80 to -0.04) ↓ 1.6
Non-dominant 167.5 ± 8.2 168.3 ± 6.2 0.678 0.14 (-0.23 to 0.50) ↑ 0.5
Knee flexion SLDL Dominant 103.3 ± 7.1 98.8 ± 9.9 0.018* -0.45 (-0.83 to -0.07) ↓ 4.3
Non-dominant 96.4 ± 8.9 91.6 ± 10.5 0.031* -0.46 (-0.84 to -0.07) ↓ 5.0
SLVDJ Dominant 114.2 ± 9.0 108.6 ± 9.7 0.034* -0.57 (-0.96 to -0.18) ↓ 4.9
Non-dominant 112.9 ± 8.4 109.6 ± 7.2 0.040* -0.45 (-0.83 to -0.07) ↓ 2.9
Hip flexion SLDL Dominant 87.4 ± 13.2 80.5 ± 12.9 0.060 -0.53 (-0.91 to -0.14) ↓ 7.8
Non-dominant 94.6 ± 21.9 91.5 ± 9.2 0.553 -0.34 (-0.71 to 0.04) ↓ 3.3
SLVDJ Dominant 124.9 ± 14.2 119.9 ± 6.1 0.098 -0.82 (-1.24 to -0.40) ↓ 4.0
Non-dominant 132.5 ± 11.3 125.9 ± 21.3 0.152 -0.31 (-0.68 to 0.07) ↓ 4.9
Lateral trunk lean SLDL Dominant 9.1 ± 5.1 9.6 ± 6.7 0.619 0.08 (-0.29 to 0.44) ↑ 5.6
Non-dominant 11.1 ± 6.1 11.2 ± 8.0 0.924 0.01 (-0.35 to 0.38) ↑ 1.0
SLVDJ Dominant 8.3 ± 5.4 8.4 ± 5.5 0.850 0.02 (-0.34 to 0.38) ↑ 1.3
Non-dominant 7.9 ± 4.8 6.6 ± 4.4 0.199 -0.29 (-0.66 to 0.09) ↓16.1
Sum of knee valgus and lateral trunk lean SLDL Dominant 178.1 ± 7.8 181.6 ± 9.4 0.033* 0.37 (-0.004 to 0.75) ↑ 2.0
Non-dominant 179.3 ± 8.2 182.9 ± 11.6 0.044* 0.31 (-0.07 to 0.68) ↑ 2.0
SLVDJ Dominant 177.3 ± 6.9 174.8 ± 7.9 0.097 -0.32 (-0.69 to 0.05) ↓ 1.4
Non-dominant 175.3 ± 8.9 174.9 ± 7.5 0.860 -0.05 (-0.41 to 0.31) ↓ 0.2
  1. Abbreviation:α, Values stands for Mean ± SD; SLDL Single-leg drop landing, SLVDJ Single-leg vertical drop jump, KT Kinesio taping; †, Cohen’s d; *, significant difference (P < .05); ‡, percent change relative to baseline (↓decrease, ↑ increase)