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Table 3 Biomechanical Properties of ACL/PCL Graft Constructs; n = 10 in each graft group

From: A biomechanical comparison of all-inside cruciate ligament graft preparation techniques

Graft type Cyclic displacement (mm) Cyclic stiffness (N/mm) Pullout stiffness (N/mm) Ultimate failure load (N) Ultimate failure displacement (mm)
Quad-A 10.5 ± 0.3 1086.2 ± 487.3 15.9 ± 4.3 641.2 ± 84.7 47.3 ± 6.7
Quad-B 11.7 ± 0.4 460.4 ± 71.4 7.4 ± 4.4 405.9 ± 237.4 55.5 ± 0.7
Tripled 11.3 ± 0.2 385.4 ± 48.0 0.9 ± 0.8 73.3 ± 59.7 76.4 ± 0.6
Folded 13.3 ± 0.2 243.5 ± 36.1 2.1 ± 2.0 143.4 ± 140.0 69.7 ± 0.5
Two-Doubled 29.7 ± 2.2 210.5 ± 47.2 2.0 ± 1.6 128.6 ± 108.3 55.4 ± 6.1
  1. All data reported as mean ± SEM