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Table 2 Applied forces (N) in position 1 and position 2

From: Finite element analysis of the pelvis including gait muscle forces: an investigation into the effect of rami fractures on load transmission

Joint / Muscle Applied forces (N)
Pos. 1 (0%) Left foot strike Pos. 2 (11,4%) Right toe off
Left Right Left Right
Hip 391 1998 1663 645
Adductor 2 128 204
Biceps femoris 66 197
Erector spinae 28 44 133 140
Gemellus 8 40 32 16
Gluteus 63 512 848
Gracilis 17 8 26
Iliacus 43 169 116
Multifidi 18 15 36 23
Obliquus internus 112 85 24 66
Obturator 28 268 164 231
Pectineus 5 25 25
Piriformis 66 56
Psoas major 7 39 2 24
Quadratus femoris 2 25 2 58
Quadratus lumborum 14 11 4 30
Rectus abdominis
Rectus femoris 494 34 241
Sartorius 47 127 80
Semimembranosus 137 78
Semitendinosus 127 38
Tensor fascia lata 88 13 39
Sum of forces (for information only) 1115 4142 3324 1964
5257 5288