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Table 2 Rater agreement of the dial test

From: Rater agreement reliability of the dial test in the ACL-deficient knee

  N= κ SE 95% confidence interval P value
intra-rater (κC) 13     
 30° of flexion   0.16 0.28 −0.39–0.70 0.569
 60° of flexion   0.35 0.27 −0.17–0.87 0.207
 90° of flexion   0.49 0.25 0.01–0.98 0.071
 30° and 90° combined   0.35 0.28 −0.19–0.89 0.207
inter-rater (κF) 50     
 30° of flexion   0.29 0.14 0.01–0.56 0.044
 60° of flexion   0.22 0.14 −0.06–0.50 0.129
 90° of flexion   0.38 0.14 0.10–0.66 0.007
 30° and 90° combined   0.25 0.14 −0.03–0.53 0.077
rater-device (κC) 26     
 30° of flexion   0.84 0.16 0.52–1.15 <0.001
 60° of flexion   0.20 0.23 −0.25–0.65 0.250
 90° of flexion   0.26 0.23 −0.19–0.70 0.190
 30° and 90° combined   0.50 0.19 0.13–0.86 0.008