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Table 2 Uptake of 35SO4 by articular cartilage specimens exposed to different local anaesthetic solutions, glucosamine and control

From: Glucosamine reduces the inhibition of proteoglycan metabolism caused by local anaesthetic solution in human articular cartilage: an in vitro study

Counts per gram per minute (CPG)
Fluid Mean Std. deviation 95% Confidence Intervals
1% Lidocaine 22,386 32,054 11,851 32,922
2% Lidocaine 12,215 13,101 7909 16,521
0.25% Bupivacaine 24,433 26,913 15,587 33,279
0.5% Bupivacaine 10,741 13,464 6315 15,166
0.5% Levo-bupivacaine 13,404 19,683 6934 19,874
M199 49,041 44,030 34,569 63,514
Gluc-protect 33,231 25,637 22,876 43,586
Gluc-repair 17,369 18,954 9713 25,025
  1. Gluc-protect: Testing protective effect of Glucosamine
  2. Gluc-repair: Testing reparative effect of Glucosamine