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Table 1 Strength properties (average values) of the cortical bone from the literature

From: Mechanical strength assessment of a drilled hole in the contralateral cortex at the end of the open wedge for high tibial osteotomy

Authors Specimen bone Yield strength (Re) [MPa] Ult. tensile strength (σ ult ) [MPa] Elongation at break (ε ult ) [%]
(Yamada 1970) Femur   109 1.35
(Reilly and Burstein 1975) Femur 114 135 3.1
(Vinz 1975) Femur for adults (avg. 30 years)   106 0.26
(Evans 1976) Tibia (avg. 41.5 years)   106 1.76
(Evans 1976) Tibia (avg. 72 years)   84 1.56
(McCalden et al. 1993) (Ott 2007, Ott et al. 2010) Femur (avg. between [20–102] years) 71 98 2.4
(MatWeb, 2016) Femur   135 3.1
  1. The maximal values are in bold