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Table 2 Anterior tibial translation under 5 Nm of varus and valgus torques, respectively

From: Varus-valgus instability in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee: effect of posterior tibial load

  Intact ACLD ACLDp
Anterior tibial translation at 30° of flexion (mm)
Under varus torque +1.6 ± 0.7 +4.0 ± 0.9 a 0.0 ± 1.2
Under valgus torque –0.8 ± 0.9 –0.8 ± 1.3 – 2.2 ± 1.4
Anterior tibial translation at 60° of flexion (mm)
Under varus torque +2.2 ± 1.2 +3.9 ± 2.2 a +0.3 ± 1.6
Under valgus torque – 1.5 ± 1.4 – 1.9 ± 1.5 – 3.0 ± 1.7
  1. Mean ± standard deviation, the positive value indicates anterior tibial translation, and the negative one does posterior translation, a significant difference compared to the values in the Intact and the ACLDp (p = 0.01)
  2. Intact: intact knee, ACLD: ACL-deficient knee, ACLD P : ACL-deficient knee with additional 30 N of posterior tibial load