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Table 1 Total varus-valgus angle and varus and valgus angles, respectively, under 5 Nm of varus-valgus torque

From: Varus-valgus instability in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee: effect of posterior tibial load

  Intact ACLD ACLDp
Total varus-valgus angle at 30° of flexion (°) 6.9 ± 1.1 8.7 ± 1.5 a 7.4 ± 1.5
Varus angle (°) 3.6 ± 0.5 5.0 ± 0.8 a 3.7 ± 0.9
Valgus angle (°) 3.3 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 1.0
Total varus-valgus angle at 60° of flexion (°) 8.7 ± 1.5 10.7 ± 2.6 a 8.9 ± 2.2
Varus angle (°) 3.8 ± 2.4 5.7 ± 3.6 a 3.8 ± 3.0
Valgus angle (°) 4.9 ± 2.3 5.0 ± 2.4 5.0 ± 2.3
  1. Mean ± standard deviation, a significant difference compared to the values in the Intact and the ACLDp (p = 0.01)
  2. Intact intact knee, ACLD ACL-deficient knee, ACLD P ACL-deficient knee with additional 30 N of posterior tibial load