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Table 2 Clinical and radiological outcomes in both groups

From: Additional mesenchymal stem cell injection improves the outcomes of marrow stimulation combined with supramalleolar osteotomy in varus ankle osteoarthritis: short-term clinical results with second-look arthroscopic evaluation

  Group I Group II P Value
VAS    
 Preoperative 7.2 ± 1.1 7.2 ± 0.8 n.s.
 Final follow-up 4.9 ± 1.3 3.7 ± 1.5 .002
AOFAS score    
 Preoperative 62.3 ± 6.1 61.0 ± 5.8 n.s.
 Final follow-up 81.2 ± 6.2 85.2 ± 5.2 .010
TAS, °    
 Preoperative 82.3 ± 2.2 83.0 ± 2.1 n.s.
 Final follow-up 89.1 ± 2.1 89.4 ± 1.8 n.s.
TT, °    
 Preoperative 5.3 ± 1.1 5.6 ± 1.4 n.s.
 Final follow-up 2.4 ± 0.9 2.8 ± 1.1 n.s.
TLS, °    
 Preoperative 77.6 ± 1.7 76.9 ± 1.8 n.s.
 Final follow-up 79.3 ± 1.4 78.8 ± 1.8 n.s.
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. VAS visual analog scale, AOFAS American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hind foot scale, TAS tibial-ankle surface angle, TT talar tilt, TLS tibial-lateral surface angle