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Fig. 2 | Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics

Fig. 2

From: Periosteal vascularization of the distal femur in relation to distal femoral osteotomies: a cadaveric study

Fig. 2

Medial side of a left distal femur with the typical branching of the descending genicular artery (DGA). Along its course the DGA gives off an anteriorly directed muscular branch (MB) to the vastus medialis, before the terminal branching in the upper transverse artery (UTA) and the central longitudinal artery (CLA). Each of the arteries is accompanied by two venae comitantes. The dotted line represents the height of the first transverse osteotomy cut (medial open- and closed-wedge distal femoral osteotomies) and the proximal grey zone is an example of the area were the second transverse bone cuts are positioned in medial closed-wedge distal femoral osteotomies (depending of pre-planned distance)

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