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Table 4 Level of inflammatory mediators in male and female

From: Differences in levels of inflammatory mediators in meniscal and synovial tissue of patients with meniscal lesions

   Meniscus (pg/mg) Synovium (pg/mg)
   IM NIM p - value NS FS p - value
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
TNF-α Male 0.12 ± .053 0.048 ± .03 .018 0.055 ± .002 0.055 ± .002 n.s.
Female 0.23 ± .11 0.046 ± .004 .04 0.054 ± .002 0.053 ± .002 n.s.
IL-6 Male 0.079 ± .069 0.068 ± .014 .049 0.088 ± .0021 0.075 ± .0072 .003
Female 0.14 ± .034 0.065 ± .012 .018 0.089 ± .0034 0.072 ± .011 .018
NGF Male 0.041 ± .005 0.041 ± .006 n.s. 0.061 ± .001 0.054 ± .003 n.s.
Female 0.044 ± .0072 0.048 ± .0067 n.s. 0.062 ± .012 0.06 ± .02 n.s.
  1. TNF-α tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-6 interleukin-6, NGF nerve growth factor, IM injured meniscal site, NIM non-injured meniscal site, NS synovium ‘nearest’ the lesion, FS ‘farthest’ synovium, n.s. not significantly different, SD standard deviation