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Table 2 Ultimate tension and ultimate load to failure of the ALL in comparison to other ligaments and possible grafts

From: Mechanical tensile properties of the anterolateral ligament

Structure Ultimate tension [MPa] Ultimate load to Relation to ALL
   failure [N] (load to failure) [%]
ALL 32.78 ± 4.04 49.90 ± 14.62 100
ACL1 (Noyes et al. 1984) 37.80 ± 3.80 1,725 ± 269 3,457
PCL2 (Noyes et al. 1984; Race and Amis 1994) 35.90 ± 15.20 739 - 1,627 1,481
MCL3 (Moon et al. 2006; Quapp and Weiss 1998) 38.60 ± 4.80 1,107 ± 126 2,219
Distal sMCL3 (Wijdicks et al. 2010) - 557 ± 55 1,116
Proximal sMCL3 (Wijdicks et al. 2010) - 88 ± 36 176
POL4 (Wijdicks et al. 2010) - 256 ± 30 513
Deep MCL3 (Wijdicks et al. 2010) - 101 ± 10 202
LCL5 (Sugita and Amis 2001) - 309 ± 91 619
PFLC6 (Sugita and Amis 2001) - 186 N ± 65 373
ITB7 (Noyes et al. 1984) 19.1 ± 2.9 769 ± 99 1,541
Fascia lata (Noyes et al. 1984) 78.7 ± 4.6 628 ± 35 1,259
Semitendinosus (Noyes et al. 1984) 88.5 ± 5.0 1,216 ± 50 2,437
Gracilis (Noyes et al. 1984) 111.5 ± 4.0 838 ± 30 1,679
  1. 1Anterior cruciate ligament, 2posterior cruciate ligament, 3(superficial) medial collateral ligament, 4posterior oblique ligament, 5lateral collateral ligament, 6popliteofibular ligament complex, 7iliotibial band.