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Table 1 Measurement results of tensile tests of the anterolateral ligament

From: Mechanical tensile properties of the anterolateral ligament

Parameter Specimen 1 Specimen 2 Specimen 3 Specimen 4 Mean SD
Data points [n] 1,961 2,379 2,569 2,686 2,399 ± 318
Length L 0 [mm] 32.2 33.4 30.7 36.0 33.1 ± 2.2
Cross-sectional area A 0 [ m m 2] 1.64 0.85 1.72 1.95 1.54 ± 0.48
Max. force [N] 62.21 28.88 52.01 56.48 49.90 ± 14.62
Max. distance [mm] 9.80 11.69 12.62 13.43 11.89 ± 1.56
Max. stress [ $\frac {N}{{mm}^{2}}$ ] 37.93 33.98 30.24 28.96 32.78 ± 4.04
Max. strain [ %] 30.43 34.99 41.12 37.31 35.96 ± 4.47
Extensional stiffness [N] 3.99 2.04 2.24 2.15 2.60 ± 0.93
Young’s modulus (20%) [ $\frac {N}{{mm}^{2}}$ ] 1.80 1.14 1.13 0.74 1.20 ± 0.44